Ratification Muffler

Stars and stripes of the Woman's Party Flag recall the struggle to ratify the 19th Amendment

Katherine Durack's design for this crocheted muffler reproduces the stars and stripes of the Woman's Party flag adorned with the 36 stars symbolizing each state's ratification. You can crochet this muffler and wear it with pride to celebrate 100 years of women's right to vote.


Purchase and download the full pattern and story from Ravelry.


The 19th Amendment to the US Constitution had to be ratified by 36 states before women could vote. Alice Paul and the leaders of the National Woman's Party sewed a star onto the organization's purple, white, and gold striped flag each time a state ratified the amendment. On August 18, 1920, Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment, and the flag with 36 stars was hung from the balcony of the National Woman's Party Headquarters in Washington.

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